In Bangladesh the first activities of Medical Physics education started in 1994 at the Physics Department of the Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET). In 1996, a cooperation in education and training of Medical Physics between Bangladesh and Germany was started by the Task Group 16 Medical Physics in the Developing Countries of the German Society for Medical Physics (DGMP). Five seminars/workshops were organized in Bangladesh in the years 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999 and 2000 training 70-80 participants per year (physicists and radio-oncologists). The main issue of these seminars was to inform and to motivate the physicists to become medical physicists. As a result, Bangladesh Medical Physics Association (BMPA) was founded in July, 1998. After registration in 2009, it is called Bangladesh Medical Physics Society (BMPS). The first impetus to start a Department of Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering in Bangladesh came from that time. Dr. Golam Abu Zakaria, Professor of medical physics and the initiator of the seminars, was trying to open a department in the public universities like BUET. But at that time this subject was new in Bangladesh and it was not possible to open such a department in public universities for different reasons. In 2001, a private University, Gono Bishwabidyalay (University) came forward to accept his proposal of starting a master program both in medical physics and in biomedical engineering. The department was the result of many discussions with the experts of many public and private universities and authorities of University Grant Commission. This was the first attempt to establish full fledged Master courses in Medical Physics and in Biomedical Engineering of international standard in Bangladesh. The University Grant Commission of Bangladesh officially recognized this course (with 2 years duration). In 2006 Gono Bishwabidyalay has also opened 4 years B.Sc. in Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering and 8 students have already received BSc degrees. Now there are 50 students in this B.Sc. course. A collaboration program has been materialized between Heidelberg University, Germany and Gono University, Bangladesh. The education and training have been the primary objective of this collaboration. Under this collaboration there has been exchange of teachers and students between Gono University and Heidelberg University with the financial support of DAAD (German Academic Exchange Program). Recently another collaboration program has been made with CCWHRT (Cancer Centre Welfare Home & Research Institute), Thakur Pukur, Kolkata. Until 2010, after opening the Department of Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering in Gono University, 12 students have received M.Sc. degree in medical physics who are working in the radiotherapy department of National Institute of Cancer and Research Hospital (NICRH), radiotherapy department of Dhaka Medical College, radiotherapy departments of different Private hospitals (United Hospital, Square Hospital, Khaja Younus Medical College Hospital), and in the teaching of medical physics in Gono University.